Understanding Fetch API for AJAX Calls Without Page Reload

Understanding Fetch API for AJAX Calls Without Page Reload


In modern web development, asynchronous communication with server-side resources is a fundamental requirement. Traditionally, this was accomplished using AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) requests. However, with the advent of the Fetch API, developers now have a more streamlined and efficient way to make AJAX calls without reloading the entire page. In this article, we'll explore the Fetch API, its advantages, and provide a sample program to demonstrate its usage.

Fetch API Overview:

The Fetch API is a powerful JavaScript interface for making network requests, such as fetching data from an external web application or API. Unlike traditional AJAX methods, Fetch offers a cleaner and more intuitive approach to handling asynchronous HTTP requests.

Key Benefits of Fetch API:

  1. Simplicity: Fetch API simplifies the process of making HTTP requests by providing a clean and concise syntax.

  2. Promises: Fetch returns a Promise, which allows developers to write more structured and readable asynchronous code. Promises help handle responses and errors gracefully.

  3. Modern Standard: Fetch API is now a standard feature in modern browsers, making it widely supported and ensuring consistent behavior across platforms.

Sample Program Using Fetch API:

Let's walk through a sample program that demonstrates how to use the Fetch API to fetch data from an external API:

  .then((apijson) => {
    console.log(apijson); // Log the response object
    return apijson.json(); // Parse the response as JSON
  .then((apidata) => {
    console.log(apidata); // Log the parsed JSON data
  .catch((error) => {
    console.error(error); // Handle any errors that occur during the fetch

In this example, we make an asynchronous GET request to the "https://api.coindesk.com/v1/bpi/currentprice.json" endpoint, which provides information about Bitcoin's current price. Here's a breakdown of what the code does:

  1. We use the fetch function to send a GET request to the specified URL.

  2. The .then method is used to handle the response from the server. Inside the first .then block, we log the response object to the console.

  3. We then call .json() on the response object to parse the JSON data returned by the API. This is done inside the second .then block, where we log the parsed data.

  4. If any errors occur during the fetch operation, they are caught and logged in the .catch block.


The Fetch API is a valuable addition to modern web development, simplifying AJAX calls and improving code readability. By returning Promises and offering a clean syntax, it has become the preferred method for making asynchronous HTTP requests in JavaScript applications. Developers can harness the power of the Fetch API to create dynamic, data-driven web applications without the need for page reloads.